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Please note that Mommsen uses the AUC chronology (Ab Urbe Condita), i.e. from the founding of the City of Rome. You can use this reference table to have the B.C. dates


III. From the Union of Italy to the Subjugation of Carthage and the Greek States

From: The History of Rome, by Theodor Mommsen
Translated with the sanction of the author by William Purdie Dickson

The History of Old Rome

Chapter X - The Third Macedonian War


The Original Greek New Testament

» Contents of this Chapter

Dissatisfactions of Philip with Rome ||| The Latter Years of Philip ||| King Perseus ||| Resources of Macedonia ||| Attempted Coalition against Rome ||| Bastarnae - Genthius ||| Cotys ||| Greek National Party ||| Rupture with Perseus ||| Preparations for War ||| Beginning of the War ||| The Romans Invade Thessaly ||| Their Lax and Unsuccessful Management of the War ||| Abuses in the Army ||| Marcius Enters Macedonia through the Pass of Tempe - The Armies on the Elpius ||| Paullus ||| Perseus Is Driven Back to Pydna - Battle of Pydna - Perseus Taken Prisoner ||| Defeat and Capture of Genthius - Macedonia Broken Up ||| Illyria Broken Up - Cotys ||| Humiliation of the Greeks in General - Course Pursued with Pergamus ||| Humiliation of Rhodes ||| Intervention in the Syro-Egyptian War ||| Measures of Security in Greece ||| Rome and Her Dependencies ||| The Italian and Extra-Italian Policy of Rome

Dissatisfactions of Philip with Rome

Philip of Macedonia was greatly annoyed by the treatment which he met with from the Romans after the peace with Antiochus; and the subsequent course of events was not fitted to appease his wrath. His neighbours in Greece and Thrace, mostly communities that had once trembled at the Macedonian name not less than now they trembled at the Roman, made it their business, as was natural, to retaliate on the fallen great power for all the injuries which since the times of Philip the Second they had received at the hands of Macedonia. The empty arrogance and venal anti-Macedonian patriotism of the Greeks of this period found vent at the diets of the different confederacies and in ceaseless complaints addressed to the Roman senate.

Philip had been allowed by the Romans to retain what he had taken from the Aetolians; but in Thessaly the confederacy of the Magnetes alone had formally joined the Aetolians, while those towns which Philip had wrested from the Aetolians in other two of the Thessalian confederacies--the Thessalian in its narrower sense, and the Perrhaebian--were demanded back by their leagues on the ground that Philip had only liberated these towns, not conquered them. The Athamahes too believed that they might crave their freedom; and Eumenes demanded the maritime cities which Antiochus had possessed in Thrace proper, especially Aenus and Maronea, although in the peace with Antiochus the Thracian Chersonese alone had been expressly promised to him.
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