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Please note that Mommsen uses the AUC chronology (Ab Urbe Condita), i.e. from the founding of the City of Rome. You can use this reference table to have the B.C. dates


IV. The Revolution

From: The History of Rome, by Theodor Mommsen
Translated with the sanction of the author by William Purdie Dickson

The History of Old Rome

Chapter VII - The Revolt of the Italian Subjects, and the Sulpician Revolution


The Original Greek New Testament

» Contents of this Chapter

Romans and Italians ||| Disabilities and Wrongs of the Subjects ||| The Rupture - Fregellan War - Difficulty of a General Insurrection ||| The Italian and the Roman Parties ||| The Italians and the Oligarchy - The Licinio-Mucian Law ||| The Italians and Drusus ||| Preparations for General Revolt against Rome ||| Marsians and Sabellians - Central and Southern Italy ||| Italians Friendly to Rome ||| Impression As to the Insurrection in Rome - Rejection of the Proposals for an Accomodation - Commission of High Treason ||| Energetic Decrees ||| Political Organizatin of the Insurrection - Opposition--Rome ||| Warlike Preparations ||| Subdivision of the Armies on Either Side ||| Commencement of the War - The Fortresses - Caesar in Campania and Samnium - Aesernia Taken by the Insurgents - As also Nola - Campania for the Most Part Lost to the Romans ||| Combats with the Marsians - Defeat and Death of Lupus ||| Picenian War ||| Umbro-Etruscan Conflicts - Disadvantageous Aggregate Result of the First Year of the War ||| Despondency of the Romans ||| Revolution in Political Processes ||| Bestowal of the Franchise on the Italians Who Remained Faithful-- or Submitted ||| Bestowal of Latin Rights on the Italian Celts ||| Second Year of the War - Etruria and Umbria Tranquillized ||| War in Picenum - Asculum Besieged - And Conquered - Subjugation of the Sabellians and Marsians ||| Subjugation of Campania As Far As Nola - Sulla in Samnium ||| The Insurrection on the Whole Overpowered ||| Perseverance of the Samnites ||| Outbreak of the Mithradatic War ||| Third Campaign - Capture of Venusia - Fall of Silo ||| Ferment in Rome - The Bestowal of the Franchise and Its Limitations - Secondary Effect of the Political Prosecutions - Marius ||| Decay of Military Discipline ||| Economic Crisis - Murder of Asellio ||| The Sulpician Laws - Sulpicius Rufus ||| Tendency of These Laws ||| Resistance of the Government - Riots - Position of Sulla ||| Marius Nominated Commander-in-Chief in Sulla's Stead ||| Sulla's Recall ||| Sulla's March on Rome ||| Rome Occupied ||| First Sullan Restoration - Death of Sulpicius - Flight of Marius ||| Legislation of Sulla ||| New Complications - Cinna - Strabo - Sulla Embarks for Asia

Romans and Italians

From the time when the defeat of Pyrrhus had put an end to the last war which the Italians had waged for their independence--or, in other words, for nearly two hundred years--the Roman primacy had now subsisted in Italy, without having been once shaken in its foundations even under circumstances of the utmost peril. Vainly had the heroic family of the Barcides, vainly had the successors of Alexander the Great and of the Achaemenids, endeavoured to rouse the Italian nation to contend with the too powerful capital; it had obsequiously appeared in the fields of battle on the Guadalquivir and on the Mejerdah, at the pass of Tempe and at Mount Sipylus, and with the best blood of its youth had helped its masters to achieve the subjugation of three continents.

Its own position meanwhile had changed, but had deteriorated rather than improved. In a material point of view, doubtless, it had in general not much ground to complain. Though the small and intermediate landholders throughout Italy suffered in consequence of the injudicious Roman legislation as to corn, the larger landlords and still more the mercantile and capitalist class were flourishing, for the Italians enjoyed, as respected the turning of the provinces to financial account, substantially the same protection and the same privileges as Roman burgesses, and thus shared to a great extent in the material advantages of the political ascendency of the Romans.

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