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Please note that Mommsen uses the AUC chronology (Ab Urbe Condita), i.e. from the founding of the City of Rome. You can use this reference table to have the B.C. dates


V. The Establishment of the Military Monarchy

From: The History of Rome, by Theodor Mommsen
Translated with the sanction of the author by William Purdie Dickson

The History of Old Rome

Chapter IV - Pompeius and the East


The Original Greek New Testament

» Contents of this Chapter

Pompeius Suppresses Piracy ||| Dissensions between Pompeius and Metellus as to Crete ||| Pompeius Takes the Supreme Command against Mithradates ||| War Preparations of Pompeius - Alliance with the Parthians - Variance between Mithradates and Tigranes ||| Pompeius and Lucullus ||| Invasion of Pontus - Retreat of Mithradates ||| Battle at Nicopolis ||| Tigranes Breaks with Mithradates - Mithradates Crosses the Phasis ||| Pompeius at Artaxata - Peace with Tigranes ||| The Tribes of the Caucasus - Iberians - Albanians ||| Albanians Conquered by Pompeius - Iberians Conquered ||| Pompeius Proceeds to Colchis ||| Fresh Conflicts with the Albanians ||| Mithradates Goes to Panticapaeum ||| His Last Preparations against Rome ||| Revolt against Mithradates ||| Death of Mithadates ||| Pompeius Proceeds to Syria - State of Syria ||| Arabian Princes ||| Robber-Chiefs - Jews ||| Pharisees - Sadducees ||| Nabataeans ||| Syrian Cities ||| The Last Seleucids ||| Annexation of Syria ||| Military Pacification of Syria ||| The Robber-Chiefs Chastised - Negotiations and Conflicts with the Jews ||| The New Relations of the Romans in the East ||| Conflicts with the Nabataeans ||| Difficulty with the Parthians ||| Organization of the Provinces ||| Feudatory Kings - Cappadocia - Commagene - Galatia ||| Princes and Chiefs ||| Priestly Princes ||| Urban Communities - Elevation of Urban Life in Asia ||| New Towns Established ||| Aggregate Results ||| Lucullus and Pompeius as Administrators ||| The East after the Departure of Pompeius ||| The Kingdom of Egypt ||| Cyprus Annexed ||| Ptolemaeus in Egypt Recognized but Expelled by His Subjects ||| And Brought Back by Gabinius - A Roman Garrison Remains in Alexandria

Pompeius Suppresses Piracy

We have already seen how wretched was the state of the affairs of Rome by land and sea in the east, when at the commencement of 687 Pompeius, with an almost unlimited plenitude of power, undertook the conduct of the war against the pirates. He began by dividing the immense field committed to him into thirteen districts and assigning each of these districts to one of his lieutenants, for the purpose of equipping ships and men there, of searching the coasts, and of capturing piratical vessels or chasing them into the meshes of a colleague. He himself went with the best part of the ships of war that were available--among which on this occasion also those of Rhodes were distinguished--early in the year to sea, and swept in the first place the Sicilian, African, and Sardinian waters, with a view especially to re-establish the supply of grain from these provinces to Italy.

His lieutenants meanwhile addressed themselves to the clearing of the Spanish and Gallic coasts. It was on this occasion that the consul Gaius Piso attempted from Rome to prevent the levies which Marcus Pomponius, the legate of Pompeius, instituted by virtue of the Gabinian law in the province of Narbo--an imprudent proceeding, to check which, and at the same time to keep the just indignation of the multitude against the consul within legal bounds, Pompeius temporarily reappeared in Rome.(1)

1. Cf. V. III. Senate, Equites, and Populares

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