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Please note that Mommsen uses the AUC chronology (Ab Urbe Condita), i.e. from the founding of the City of Rome. You can use this reference table to have the B.C. dates


V. The Establishment of the Military Monarchy

From: The History of Rome, by Theodor Mommsen
Translated with the sanction of the author by William Purdie Dickson

The History of Old Rome

Chapter III - The Fall of the Oligarchy and the Rule of Pompeius


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» Contents of this Chapter

Continued Subsistence of the Sullan Constitution ||| Attacks of the Democracy - Corn-Laws - Attempts to Restore the Tribunician Power ||| Attacks on the Senatorial Tribunals ||| Want of Results from the Democratic Agitation ||| Quarrel between the Government and Their General Pompeius ||| Coalition of the Military Chiefs and the Democracy ||| Re-establishing of the Tribunician Power - New Arrangement as to Jurymen ||| Renewal of the Asiatic Revenue-Farming - Renewal of the Censorship ||| The New Constitution ||| Impending Miliatry Dictatorship of Pompeius ||| Retirement of Pompeius ||| Senate, Equites, and Populares ||| The Events in the East, and Their Reaction on Rome ||| Reappearance of Pompeius ||| Overthrow of the Senatorial Rule, and New Power of Pompeius ||| Effect of the Projects of Law ||| Pompeius and the Gabinian Laws ||| The Parties in Relation to the Gabinian Laws ||| The Vote ||| Successes of Pompeius in the East ||| The Manillian Law ||| The Democratic-Military Revolution

Continued Subsistence of the Sullan Constitution

The Sullan constitution still stood unshaken. The assault, which Lepidus and Sertorius had ventured to make on it, had been repulsed with little loss. The government had neglected, it is true, to finish the half-completed building in the energetic spirit of its author. It is characteristic of the government, that it neither distributed the lands which Sulla had destined for allotment but had not yet parcelled out, nor directly abandoned the claim to them, but tolerated the former owners in provisional possession without regulating their title, and indeed even allowed various still undistributed tracts of Sullan domain-land to be arbitrarily taken possession of by individuals according to the old system of occupation, which was de jure and de facto set aside by the Gracchan reforms.(1)

1. Cf. IV. X. Assignations to the Soldiers

Whatever in the Sullan enactments was indifferent or inconvenient for the Optimates, was without scruple ignored or cancelled; for instance, the sentences under which whole communities were deprived of the right of citizenship, the prohibition against conjoining the new farms, and several of the privileges conferred by Sulla on particular communities--of course, without giving back to the communities the sums paid for these exemptions. But though these violations of the ordinances of Sulla by the government itself contributed to shake the foundations of his structure, the Sempronian laws were substantially abolished and remained so.

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