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JAMES STRONG
Outline of Greek Grammar for the New Testament

LESSON VIII :  EXERCISE ON JOHN 1, 6-11

 

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Notes

1. Ἐγένετο--See lesson vii, No. 15.

2. ἄνθρωπος--See vii, 27; subj. of sentence.

3. ἀπεσταλμένος--part. from ἀποστέλλω, lit., I send away; comp. of prep, ἀπό, off, and στέλλω, I send; root στελ, vowel changed, § 63; aug. cuts off final ο of prep., § 61; no reduplication, § 60; perf. tense because aug. beyond indic., § 60; and no union-vowel, § 42; pass. part. ending μεν, (§ 55,) accent; ος is nom. masc. sing., §§ 34, 30; agrees with ἄνθρωπος, § 73.

4. παρά--prep., lit., near; with gen., =from near.

5. θεοῦ--See vii, 9, 10; here gen., § 81.

6. ὄνομα--noun; neut, 3d decl. nom. sing.; (stem, ονοματ, final mute always dropped for euphony;) subj. to was understood, (copula may freely be supplied.)

7. αὐτῷ--pers. adj. pron.; dat. sing. masc. from αὐτός, vii, 14; governed, § 92.

8. Ἰωάννης--prop. noun; 1st decl. masc. nom. sing., § 28; predicate after neut. verb, (understood,) agreeing with subj., § 71.

9. οὗτος--See vii, 11.

10. λθεν--verb, assigned to ἔρχομαι, but really from defective ἐλεύθω; root, ελθ; temporal aug., [ε+ε=η,] § 60; hence indic., as union-vowel (ε) following also shows, § 42; simple root 2d aor., § 57; hence no tense ending in 3d pers. sing. act., § 49; ν appended, § 17; accent, § 6.

11. εἰς--prep., lit., to, that is, here, for the purpose of; atonic, § 3.

12. μαρτυρίαν--noun; 1st decl. fem. acc. sing., from ία, § 28; governed, § 96.

13. ἵνα--conj., meaning, in order that; introducing dependent clause.

14. μαρτυρήσῃ--verb, from μαρτυρέω; first η is root-vowel, lengthened before tense-sign, (§ 66,) which is σ of 1st fut., § 59; ῃ is union-vowel of subj., (§ 44,) the subscribed ι being 3d pers. sing. act., § 49; accent, § 4.

15. περ--prep., lit., around; governs gen., § 82.

16. τοῦ--art.; gen. sing. neut., § 39.

17. Φωτός--noun, see vii, 25. Gen. (sing.) and dat. (sing. and plur.) of monosyllables of 3d decl. accent the ultimate.

18. πάντες--See vii, 12; nom. masc. plur., men being understood, § 74; subj. of clause.

19. πιστεύσωσι--verb, from πιστεύω; second σ is sign of 1st fut., § 59; ω sign of subj., § 44; σι 3d plur. act., § 49.

20. δι'--See vii, 13.

21. αὐτοῦ--See vii, 14.

22. Οὐκ--neg. adv., same as οὐ, with euphonic κ before a vowel.

23. ἦν--See vii, 3.

24. ἐκεῖνος--demonst, adj. pron., § 39; =he, nom. masc. sing., subj. of sentence, § 27; accent, § 6.

25. τὸ--See vii, 24.

26. Φῶς--See vii, 25.

27. ἀλλ'--conj. for ἀλλά, final vowel elided, § 22.

28. ἀληθινόν--adj., from ἀληθινός; neut. 2d decl., § 34; nom. sing., § 30; agreeing with Φῶς, § 73.

29. ὃ--See vii, 19.

30. φωτίζει--verb, from φωτίζω; strengthened root, § 58; ε union vowel of indic., § 42; final ι 3d sing. (pres.) act., § 49.

31. πάντα--indef. adj., see No. 18; acc. sing. masc. agreeing with ἄνθρωπον, § 73.

32. ἄνθρωπον--noun, see No. 2; acc. sing., § 30; governed, § 97.

33. ἐρχόμενον--part. from ἔρχομαι, see No. 10; deponent, § 40; pres. pass., § 55; sing., § 30; either acc. masc., (and then agreeing with ἄνθρωπον,) or, as is better, (see John iii, 19,) nom. neut., (and then agreeing with φῶς.)

34. τόν--See vii, 8.

35. κόσμον--noun, from κόσμος; acc. sing. 2d decl., § 30; governed, § 94.

36. ἐν--See vii, 1.

37. τῷ--art., dat. sing. masc., § 39; agrees with κόσμῳ, § 73.

38. κόσμῳ--noun, see No. 35; dat. sing., § 8.

39. καί--See vii, 6.

40. ὁ--See vii, 4.

41. κόσμος--noun, see No. 35; subj., § 27.

42. αὐτόν--pron., see No. 7; acc. sing. masc., § 97.

43. ἔγνω--verb, from γιγνώσκω, (strengthened [§ 70] from root γνω, [§ 67,] =our know); 2d aor., § 57; ε is augment of indic., § 60; ω is root and union-vowel, § 67; no other ending, hence 3d sing. act., § 49.

44. τὰ--art., plur. neut. acc., § 39.

45. ἴδια--adj., fr. ἴδιος; plur. neut. acc., § 30; agreement, § 74; meaning home here, (lit., the own things of him;) government, § 44.

46. οἱ--art., nom. plur. masc., § 39.

47. ἴδιοι--adj., see No. 45; nom. plur. masc., § 30; meaning family here, § 74; subj., § 27.

48. παρέλαβον--verb from παραλαμβάνω, compounded with παρά, near, (see No. 4,) as in vii, 34; 2d aor., § 57; indic., § 42; 3d plur., § 49.

 

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