§ 3. Each word, except a very few monosyllables, has one of the following
accents written over a vowel in it, which marks the place of the spoken tone.
A few small words, called enclitics, generally throw their accent, as
an acute, on the last syllable of the preceding word.
§ 4. The acute (´), which is the foundation of all the
accents, stands on one of the last three syllables. In verbs, with the
exception of certain forms, it stands as far toward the beginning of the word
as the rules below allow. In other parts of speech it stands on the same
syllable as in the ground-form, (that given in the lexicon,) except as
required by these rules. When the last syllable has a long vowel or diphthong
it stands on the syllable before the last.
§ 5. The grave accent (`) is only written in place of the
acute on the last syllable when not before a pause, or when unemphatic. It is
understood to belong to all other syllables.
§ 6. The circumflex (~) is placed on a syllable formed by the
combination of two, the first of which had an acute and the second a grave;
hence only on the last, or next to the last syllable, and only on a long vowel
or a diphthong. When the last syllable has a short vowel, such a penult, if
accented, takes the circumflex.