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Please note that Mommsen uses the AUC chronology (Ab Urbe Condita), i.e. from the founding of the City of Rome. You can use this reference table to have the B.C. dates


IV. The Revolution

From: The History of Rome, by Theodor Mommsen
Translated with the sanction of the author by William Purdie Dickson

The History of Old Rome

Chapter IX - Cinna and Sulla


The Original Greek New Testament

» Contents of this Chapter

Ferment in Italy ||| Cinna - Carbo - Sertorius ||| Outbreak of the Cinnan Revolution - Victory of the Government ||| The Cinnans in Italy - Landing of Marius ||| Dubious Attitude of Strabo - The Cinnans around Rome ||| Negotiations of Parties with the Italians - Death of Strabo ||| Vacillation of the Government - Rome Capitulates ||| Marian Reign of Terror ||| The Last Days of Marius ||| Death of Marius ||| Government of Cinna ||| Cinna and Sulla - Italy and the Provinces in Favour of the Government ||| Measures against Sulla ||| Attempts at a Compromise - Death of Cinna - Carbo and the New Burgesses Arm against Sulla ||| Difficult Position of Sulla ||| His Moderation ||| Sulla Lands in Italy - And Is Reinforced by Partisans and Deserters ||| Pompeius ||| Sulla in Campania Opposed by Norbanus and Scipio - Sulla Gains a Victory over Norbanus at Mount Tifata - Defection of Scipio's Army ||| Preparations on Either Side ||| Sulla Proceeds to Latium to Oppose the Younger Marius - His Victory at Sacriportus - Democratic Massacres in Rome ||| Siege of Praeneste - Occupation of Rome ||| Metellus against Carbo in Northern Italy - Carbo Assailed on Three Sides of Etruria ||| Conflicts about Praeneste ||| Successes of the Sullans in Upper Italy - Etruria Occupied by the Sullans ||| The Samnites and Democrats Attack Rome - Battle at the Colline Gate - Slaughter of the Prisoners ||| Sieges - Praeneste - Norba - Nola ||| The Provinces ||| Spain - Sertorius Embarks ||| Sicily - Africa ||| Fresh Difficulties with Mithradates ||| Second Peace - Capture of Mytilene - General Peace

Ferment in Italy

This state of suspense and uncertainty existing in Italy when Sulla took his departure for Greece in the beginning of 667 has been already described: the half-suppressed insurrection, the principal army under the more than half-usurped command of a general whose politics were very doubtful, the confusion and the manifold activity of intrigue in the capital. The victory of the oligarchy by force of arms had, in spite or because of its moderation, engendered manifold discontent.

The capitalists, painfully affected by the blows of the most severe financial crisis which Rome had yet witnessed, were indignant at the government on account of the law which it had issued as to interest, and on account of the Italian and Asiatic wars which it had not prevented. The insurgents, so far as they had laid down their arms, bewailed not only the disappointment of their proud hopes of obtaining equal rights with the ruling burgesses, but also the forfeiture of their venerable treaties, and their new position as subjects utterly destitute of rights.

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