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Please note that Mommsen uses the AUC chronology (Ab Urbe Condita), i.e. from the founding of the City of Rome. You can use this reference table to have the B.C. dates


III. From the Union of Italy to the Subjugation of Carthage and the Greek States

From: The History of Rome, by Theodor Mommsen
Translated with the sanction of the author by William Purdie Dickson

The History of Old Rome

Chapter IV - Hamilcar and Hannibal


The Original Greek New Testament

» Contents of this Chapter

Situation of Carthage after the Peace ||| War Party and Peace Party in Carthage ||| Hamilcar Commander-in-Chief ||| Hamilcar's War Projects - The Army - The Citizens ||| Hamilcar Proceed to Spain - Spanish Kingdom of the Barcides ||| The Carthaginian Government and the Barcides ||| The Roman Government and the Barcides ||| Hannibal ||| Rupture between Rome and Carthage ||| Preparations for Attacking Italy ||| Method of Attack ||| Departure of Hannibal ||| Position of Rome - Their Uncertain Plans for War ||| Hannibal on the Ebro ||| Hannibal in Gaul - Scipio at Massilia - Passage of the Rhone ||| Hannibal's Passage of the Alps ||| Results

Situation of Carthage after the Peace

The treaty with Rome in 513 gave to the Carthaginians peace, but they paid for it dearly. That the tribute of the largest portion of Sicily now flowed into the enemy's exchequer instead of the Carthaginian treasury, was the least part of their loss.

They felt a far keener regret when they not merely had to abandon the hope of monopolizing all the sea-routes between the eastern and the western Mediterranean --just as that hope seemed on the eve of fulfilment--but also saw their whole system of commercial policy broken up, the south-western basin of the Mediterranean, which they had hitherto exclusively commanded, converted since the loss of Sicily into an open thoroughfare for all nations, and the commerce of Italy rendered completely independent of the Phoenician.

Nevertheless the quiet men of Sidon might perhaps have prevailed on themselves to acquiesce in this result. They had met with similar blows already; they had been obliged to share with the Massiliots, the Etruscans, and the Sicilian Greeks what they had previously possessed alone; even now the possessions which they retained, Africa, Spain, and the gates of the Atlantic Ocean, were sufficient to confer power and prosperity. But in truth, where was their security that these at least would continue in their hands?
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