Chaeronea gave Philip the undisputed control of Greece.
But now that victory was assured, he had no intention of playing the tyrant. He
compelled Thebes to admit a Macedonian garrison to her citadel, but treated
Athens so mildly that the citizens were glad to conclude with him a peace which
left their possessions untouched. Philip entered the Peloponnesus as a
liberator. Its towns and cities welcomed an alliance with so powerful a
protector against Sparta.
CONGRESS AT CORINTH, 337 B.C.
Having completely realized his design of establishing
Macedonian rule over Greece, Philip's restless energy drove him forward to the
next step in his ambitious program. He determined to carry out the plans, so
long cherished by the Greeks, for an invasion of Asia Minor and, perhaps, of
Persia itself. In the year 337 B.C. a congress of all the Hellenic states met
at Corinth under Philip's presidency. The delegates voted to supply ships and
men for the great undertaking and placed Philip in command of the allied
forces. A Macedonian king was to be the captain-general of Hellas.
DEATH OF PHILIP, 336 B.C.
But Philip was destined never to lead an army across the
Hellespont. Less than two years after Chaeronea he was killed by an assassin,
and the scepter passed to his young son, Alexander.