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Please note that Mommsen uses the AUC chronology (Ab Urbe Condita), i.e. from the founding of the City of Rome. You can use this reference table to have the B.C. dates


V. The Establishment of the Military Monarchy

From: The History of Rome, by Theodor Mommsen
Translated with the sanction of the author by William Purdie Dickson

The History of Old Rome

Chapter II - Rule of the Sullan Restoration


The Original Greek New Testament

» Contents of this Chapter

External Relations ||| Dalmato-Macedonian Expeditions ||| Piracy ||| Organization of Piracy - Its Military-Political Power ||| Nullity of the Roman Marine Police ||| Expedition to the South Coast of Asia Minor - Publius Servilius Isauricus - Zenicetes Vanquished - The Isaurians Subdued ||| Asiatic Relations - Tigranes and the New Great-Kingdom of Armenia ||| Cappadocia Armenian - Syria under Tigranes ||| Mithradates - Demeanor of the Romans in the East - Egypt not Annexed ||| Non-Intervention in Asia Minor and Syria ||| Apprehensions of Rome - Apprehensions of Mithradates - Bithynia Roman - Cyrene a Roman Province - Outbreak of the Mithradatic War ||| Preparations of Mithradates ||| Roman Preparations ||| Beginning of the War ||| The Romans Defeated at Chalcedon ||| Mithradates Besieges Cyzicus ||| Destruction of the Pontic Army ||| Maritime War - Mithradates Driven Back to Pontus ||| Invasion of Pontus by Lucullus ||| Victory of Cabira - Pontus Becomes Roman - Sieges of the Pontic Cities ||| Beginning of the Armenian War ||| Difficulties to Be Encountered ||| Lucullus Crosses the Euphrates ||| Siege and Battle of Tigranocerta ||| All the Armenian Conquests Pass into the Hands of the Romans ||| Tigranes and Mithradates ||| Renewal of the War ||| Dissatisfaction with Lucullus in the Capital and in the Army ||| Lucullus Advances into Armenia ||| Lucullus Retreats to Mesopotamia - Capture of Nisibus - Conflicts in Pontus and at Tigranocerta ||| Farther Retreat to Pontus ||| Defeat of the Romans in Pontus at Ziela - Mutiny of the Soldiers ||| Farther Retreat to Asia Minor ||| War with the Pirates ||| Defeat of Antonius off Cydonia ||| Cretan War ||| Metellus Subdues Crete ||| The Pirates in the Mediterranean ||| Servile Disturbances ||| Outbreak of the Gladiatorial War in Italy - Spartacus ||| The Insurrection Takes Shape ||| Great Victories of Spartacus ||| Internal Dissension among the Insurgents ||| Conflicts in the Bruttian Country ||| Disruption of the Rebels and Their Subjugation ||| The Government of the Restoration as a Whole

External Relations

When the suppression of the Cinnan revolution, which threatened the very existence of the senate, rendered it possible for the restored senatorial government to devote once more the requisite attention to the internal and external security of the empire, there emerged affairs enough, the settlement of which could not be postponed without injuring the most important interests and allowing present inconveniences to grow into future dangers. Apart from the very serious complications in Spain, it was absolutely necessary effectually to check the barbarians in Thrace and the regions of the Danube, whom Sulla on his march through Macedonia had only been able superficially to chastise,(1) and to regulate, by military intervention, the disorderly state of things along the northern frontier of the Greek peninsula; thoroughly to suppress the bands of pirates infesting the seas everywhere, but especially the eastern waters; and lastly to introduce better order into the unsettled relations of Asia Minor.

1. Cf. IV. VIII. New Difficulties

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