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Please note that Mommsen uses the AUC chronology (Ab Urbe Condita), i.e. from the founding of the City of Rome. You can use this reference table to have the B.C. dates

THE HISTORY OF OLD ROME

V. The Establishment of the Military Monarchy

From: The History of Rome, by Theodor Mommsen
Translated with the sanction of the author by William Purdie Dickson


The History of Old Rome

Chapter I - Marcus Lepidus and Quintus Sertorius

ELPENOR EDITIONS IN PRINT

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» Contents of this Chapter

The Opposition - Jurists - Aristocrats Friendly to Reform - Democrats ||| Transpadanes - Freedmen - Capitalists - Proletarians of the Capital - The Dispossessed - The Proscribed and Their Adherents ||| Men of Ruined Fortunes - Men of Ambition ||| Power of the Opposition ||| Want of Leaders - Coterie-Systems ||| Phillipus - Metellus, Catulus, the Luculli ||| Pompeius ||| Crassus ||| Leaders of the Democrats ||| Lepidus ||| The Emigrants in Spain - Sertorius ||| Renewed Outbreak of the Spanish Insurrection - Metellus Sent to Spain ||| Organizations of Sertorius ||| Death of Sulla and Its Consequences ||| Insurrection of Lepidus ||| Outbreak of the War - Lepidus Defeated - Death of Lepidus ||| Pompeius Extorts the Command in Spain ||| Pompeius in Gaul ||| Appearance of Pompeius in Spain ||| Pompeius Defeated ||| Victories of Metellus ||| Battle on the Sucro ||| Indefinite and Perilous Character of the Sertorian War ||| Collapse of the Power of Sertorius ||| Internal Dissension among the Sertorians ||| Assassination of Sertorius ||| Perpenna Succeeds Sertorius - Pompeius Puts an End to the Insurrection


BOOK FIFTH: The Establishment of the Military Monarchy

Wie er sich sieht so um und um,
Kehrt es ihm fast den Kopf herum,
Wie er wollt' Worte zu allem finden?
Wie er mocht' so viel Schwall verbinden?
Wie er mocht' immer muthig bleiben
So fort und weiter fort zu schreiben?

Goethe.



The Opposition - Jurists - Aristocrats Friendly to Reform - Democrats

When Sulla died in the year 676, the oligarchy which he had restored ruled with absolute sway over the Roman state; but, as it had been established by force, it still needed force to maintain its ground against its numerous secret and open foes. It was opposed not by any single party with objects clearly expressed and under leaders distinctly acknowledged, but by a mass of multifarious elements, ranging themselves doubtless under the general name of the popular party, but in reality opposing the Sullan organization of the commonwealth on very various grounds and with very different designs.

There were the men of positive law who neither mingled in nor understood politics, but who detested the arbitrary procedure of Sulla in dealing with the lives and property of the burgesses. Even during Sulla's lifetime, when all other opposition was silent, the strict jurists resisted the regent; the Cornelian laws, for example, which deprived various Italian communities of the Roman franchise, were treated in judicial decisions as null and void; and in like manner the courts held that, where a burgess had been made a prisoner of war and sold into slavery during the revolution, his franchise was not forfeited.

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