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Please note that Mommsen uses the AUC chronology (Ab Urbe Condita), i.e. from the founding of the City of Rome. You can use this reference table to have the B.C. dates


III. From the Union of Italy to the Subjugation of Carthage and the Greek States

From: The History of Rome, by Theodor Mommsen
Translated with the sanction of the author by William Purdie Dickson

The History of Old Rome

Chapter IX - The War with Antiochus of Asia


The Original Greek New Testament

» Contents of this Chapter

Antiochus the Great ||| Difficulties with Rome ||| Preparations of Antiochus for War with Rome ||| Aetolian Intrigues against Rome ||| Rupture between Antiochus and the Romans ||| Attitude of the Minor Powers - Carthage and Hannibal ||| States of Asia Minor - Macedonia ||| The Lesser Greek States ||| Antiochus in Greece ||| Landing of the Romans ||| Battle at Thermopylae - Greece Occupied by the Romans - Resistance of the Aetolians ||| Maritime War, and Preparations for Crossing to Asia - Polyxenidas and Pausistratus - Engagement off Aspendus - Battle of Myonnesus ||| Expedition to Asia ||| Passage of the Hellespont by the Romans ||| Battle of Magnesia ||| Conclusion of Peace - Expedition against the Celts of Asia Minor - Regulation of the Affairs of Asia Minor ||| Armenia - Cappadocia - Bithynia ||| The Free Greek Cities ||| Extension of the Kingdom of Pergamus ||| Settlement of Greece - Conflicts and Peace with the Aetolians ||| Macedonia ||| The Achaeans ||| The Achaean Patriots ||| Quarrels between Achaeans and Spartans ||| Death of Hannibal ||| Death of Scipio

Antiochus the Great

In the kingdom of Asia the diadem of the Seleucidae had been worn since 531 by king Antiochus the Third, the great-great-grandson of the founder of the dynasty. He had, like Philip, begun to reign at nineteen years of age, and had displayed sufficient energy and enterprise, especially in his first campaigns in the east, to warrant his being without too ludicrous impropriety addressed in courtly style as "the Great."

He had succeeded--more, however, through the negligence of his opponents and of the Egyptian Philopator in particular, than through any ability of his own--in restoring in some degree the integrity of the monarchy, and in reuniting with his crown first the eastern satrapies of Media and Parthyene, and then the separate state which Achaeus had founded on this side of the Taurus in Asia Minor.

A first attempt to wrest from the Egyptians the coast of Syria, the loss of which he sorely felt, had, in the year of the battle of the Trasimene lake, met with a bloody repulse from Philopator at Raphia; and Antiochus had taken good care not to resume the contest with Egypt, so long as a man--even though he were but an indolent one--occupied the Egyptian throne.

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