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ELPENOR - Home of the Greek Word

In Print:
The Original Greek New Testament

JAMES STRONG
Outline of Greek Grammar for the New Testament

LESSON II :  EUPHONIC CHANGES - NOUNS

 

IN PRINT:
ELPENOR EDITIONS IN PRINT



Page 2

NOUNS


Nouns are of three declensions, three genders, three numbers, and five cases, all indicated by changes of termination.

§ 24. The declensions (numbered 1, 2, and 3) are only different modes of inflection.

§ 25. Names and designations of males, nations, the months, rivers, and winds, are almost invariably masculine; those of females, countries, islands, cities, trees, and plants, are usually feminine; of the neuter gender are most names of fruits and diminutives, and always the names of the letters, infinitives, clauses, indeclinable words, and words used as the symbol of a sound. In the third declension especially the (grammatical) gender in many instances is arbitrary.

§ 26. The singular and plural are used as in English. The dual denotes two or a pair; it is comparatively rare, and never occurs in the New Testament.

§ 27. The cases express the relations of words to each other in a sentence, as follows:--

 

Name. Use. Equivalent.
Nominative. Subject of a finite verb. (Simple form.)
Genitive. Origin or ownership. From, of, etc.
Dative. Position or manner. In, by, for, to, etc.
Accusative. Direction or object. Toward, into, etc.
Vocative. Address. O!

 

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