Nouns are of three declensions, three genders, three numbers, and five cases, all indicated by changes of termination.
§ 24. The declensions (numbered 1, 2, and 3) are only different modes of inflection.
§ 25. Names and designations of males, nations, the months, rivers, and winds, are almost invariably masculine; those of females, countries, islands, cities, trees, and plants, are usually feminine; of the neuter gender are most names of fruits and diminutives, and always the names of the letters, infinitives, clauses, indeclinable words, and words used as the symbol of a sound. In the third declension especially the (grammatical) gender in many instances is arbitrary.
§ 26. The singular and plural are used as in English. The dual denotes two or a pair; it is comparatively rare, and never occurs in the New Testament.
§ 27. The cases express the relations of words to each other in a sentence, as follows:--
|Nominative.||Subject of a finite verb.||(Simple form.)|
|Genitive.||Origin or ownership.||From, of, etc.|
|Dative.||Position or manner.||In, by, for, to, etc.|
|Accusative.||Direction or object.||Toward, into, etc.|
More Greek Learning Resources
The Greek Word Course
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