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ELPENOR - Home of the Greek Word

In Print:
The Original Greek New Testament

JAMES STRONG
Greek in a Nutshell

An Outline of Greek Grammar, with brief Reading Lessons for Beginners in the New Testament

IN PRINT:
ELPENOR EDITIONS IN PRINT



Page 2

3. BREATHINGS, VOWELS, DIPHTHONGS, ETC


§ 7.
A vowel beginning a word takes either the rough breathing, (῾), which is pronounced like h, or else, to show the absence of that, the smooth breathing, (᾿), which has no appreciable sound. Initial ρ and υ always take the rough breathing; and double ρ in the middle of a word takes the smooth breathing on the first, and the rough on the second.

§ 8. The vowels are short, (ε and ο,) long, (η and ω,) or doubtful, (α, ι, and υ,) which last, although naturally short, are sometimes lengthened by derivation.

§ 9. The diphthongs are as follows:--

[See Elpenor's The Greek Letters]


§ 10.
In diphthongs the breathing and accent are written over the second vowel. A capital (initial) letter in other cases takes them before it.

§ 11. The punctuation marks are the comma, (,), the semicolon, (·), the period, (.), and the interrogation point, (;).

 

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