GENERAL PRINCIPLES, ANASTROPHE,
CHANGE OF ACCENT IN DECLENSION,
INFLECTION AND COMPOSITION,
Ten monosyllabic words have no accent and
are closely connected with the following word. They are called
proclitics (from προκλί̄νω lean forward).
The forms of the article beginning with a vowel (ὁ,
ἡ, οἱ, αἱ); the prepositions ἐν, εἰς (ἐς), ἐξ (ἐκ); the conjunction εἰ
if; ὡς as,
that (also a preposition to); the
negative adverb οὐ (οὐκ, οὐχ).
A proclitic sometimes takes an accent,
a. οὐ at the end of a
sentence: φῄς, ἢ οὔ; do you say so or
not? πῶς γὰρ οὔ; for why not?
Also οὔ no standing alone.
b. ἐξ, ἐν, and εἰς receive
an acute in poetry when they follow the word to which they belong and
stand at the end of the verse: κακῶν ἔξ out
as becomes ὥς in poetry when it follows its noun: θεὸς ὥς
as a god. ὡς standing for οὕτως is written
ὥς even in prose (οὐδ' ὥς not even thus).
When the proclitic precedes an enclitic:
– ὁ used as a relative is written
Cf. Greek pronunciation (Elpenor's Lesson 1)
Select On-Line Greek Resources
Reference address : https://www.ellopos.net/elpenor/lessons/greek-accentuation.asp?pg=9