GENERAL PRINCIPLES, ANASTROPHE,
CHANGE OF ACCENT IN DECLENSION,
INFLECTION AND COMPOSITION,
CHANGE OF ACCENT IN
DECLENSION, INFLECTION, AND COMPOSITION
When a short ultima of the nominative is
lengthened in an oblique case
a proparoxytone becomes paroxytone:
θάλαττα θαλάττης, ἄνθρωπος ἀνθρώπου.
a properispomenon becomes paroxytone:
μοῦσα μούσης, δῶρον δώρου.
an oxytone becomes perispomenon in the
genitive and dative of the second declension: θεός θεοῦ θεῷ
When, for a long ultima, a short ultima
is substituted in inflection
a dissyllabic paroxytone (with penult
long by nature) becomes properispomenon: λύ̄ω λῦε.
a polysyllabic paroxytone (with penult
either long or short) becomes proparoxytone: παιδεύω
παίδευε, πλέκω πλέκομεν.
In composition the accent is usually
recessive in the case of substantives and adjectives, regularly in the
case of verbs: βάσις ἀνάβασις, θεός ἄθεος, λῦε ἀπόλῡε.
Proper names having the form of a
substantive, adjective, or participle, usually change the accent:
Ἔλπις (ἐλπίς), Γλαῦκος (γλαυκός), Γέλων (γελῶν).
Special cases will be considered under
Declension and Inflection.
Cf. Greek pronunciation (Elpenor's Lesson 1)
Select On-Line Greek Resources
Reference address : https://www.ellopos.net/elpenor/lessons/greek-accentuation.asp?pg=8