Reference address :

ELPENOR - Home of the Greek Word

Select On-line Greek Resources 

Page 2

on the web

The Fall


Coin of Emperor Constantine XI Palaeologus Dragasis


Icon of the Christ and New Testament Reader


Greek Orthodoxy - From Apostolic Times to the Present Day, by D. Constantelos.

550 years since the fall of Constantinople - A Letter of the Serbian Patriarch Pavle to Christodoulos of Athens and all Greece

The Virtue of a King - by Manuel II Palaeologus

The Virtue of a King - Deacon Agapetus to Justinian (Romanian translation)

E-Mule link Discovery Channel, Byzantium - The Lost Empire (avi, Part 1: Building the Dream, Part 2: Heaven on Earth, Part 3: Forever and Ever

The Despotate of Epirus under Michael I (13th c.), by K. Kotsidimou The Nicean Empire

Flag of the Late Empire and Emblem of Constantine Palaeologus (Wikipedia Byzantine History)

Constantinople Chronology

Greek Literature - Ancient, Medieval, Modern

Constantinople Home Page


The Crusaders’ "macabre expression of a pagan death-wish," in the words of a modern Western historian, brought the final rupture between Roman Catholicism and Greek Orthodoxy. ...  With the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks in 1453 ... not only hath the Greek Church the Turks for an enemy and an oppressor, but also the Latines; who not being able by their missionaries to gain them to their party, and persuade them to renounce the jurisdiction of their Patriarchs, and own the authority and supremacy of the Roman Bishop do never omit those occasions which may bring them under the lash of the Turk, and engage them in a constant and continual expense, hoping that the people being oppressed and tired, and in no condition of having relief under the protection of their own Governors, may at length be induced to embrace a foreign Head, who has riches and power to defend them. Moreover, besides their wiles, the Roman priests frequent all places, where the Greeks inhabit, endeavoring to draw them unto their side both by preachings and writings. ...

   The late British scholar A. H. Hore of Trinity College, Oxford observed:

   "The fall of the Eastern European Empire and the low state to which the persecuted Greek Church fell, and from which it is little less than a miracle that it should now be recovering, is a chapter of dishonor and disgrace in the history of Western Europe."

From: Constantelos, Greek Orthodoxy - From Apostolic Times to the Present Day

First Page

Previous chapter : Constantinople and the West

Next chapter : Typika of Constantinople Monasteries

Constantinople Home Page

Greek Literature - Ancient, Medieval, Modern

Post a question / Start a discussion

Three Millennia of Greek Literature

Learned Freeware

Reference address :