MY OWN PROGRAM FOR ENDING THE menace of German aggression
consists, in its simplest terms, of depriving Germany of all heavy industries.
The reason for selecting heavy industries is that with them Germany can quickly
and terribly convert once more to war. Without them, no matter how savage her
aggressive aims may be, she cannot make war. For longer than living men can
remember, the greatest threat to peace anywhere in the world has been Germany's
lust for armed conquest.Even more than the German Army, that lust has
found its release through German heavy industry. It was done in two ways,
both of which will be not only possible but probable again if we permit Germany
to retain the basic means of aggression.
First, of course, was the actual manufacture of the weapons
of modern war. The guns, planes, tanks, submarines which a Germany with heavy
industry could produce fifteen or twenty years from now would be as far beyond
present weapons as ours today are beyond those of 1917. We had just a taste of
that future in the jet-planes and buzz bombs of last year. If Germany keeps the
means to perfect such weapons, she will use them.
The second role of heavy industry in the German plan of
aggression was and will be economic blitzkrieg. This can be and has been
as demoralizing as the military article. The heavy hand of German power was
laid upon the economy of her neighbors—and throughout Europe industries withered,
scarcity grew, fear multiplied. Any country's war potential these days can
be measured by its heavy industries much more accurately than by the size of
its army, navy and air force at any given moment. In four years the peacetime
industrial machine of the United States was converted into a weapon that
dwarfed Germany's once famous Luftwaffe, Wehrmacht and the rest.