Reference address :

ELPENOR - Home of the Greek Word

Three Millennia of Greek Literature
Constantinople Home Page  

Please note that Mommsen uses the AUC chronology (Ab Urbe Condita), i.e. from the founding of the City of Rome. You can use this reference table to have the B.C. dates


IV. The Revolution

From: The History of Rome, by Theodor Mommsen
Translated with the sanction of the author by William Purdie Dickson

The History of Old Rome

CHAPTER IV - The Rule of the Restoration


The Original Greek New Testament

» Contents of this Chapter

Vacancy in the Government ||| The Restored Aristocracy ||| Prosecutions of the Democrats ||| The Domain Question under the Restoration ||| The Proletariate and the Equestrian Order under the Restoration ||| The Men of the Restoration ||| Marcus Aemilius Scaurus ||| Administration under the Restoration - Social State of Italy ||| The Provinces - Occupation of Cilicia ||| Revolt of the Slaves ||| The Second Sicilian Slave-War ||| Athenion ||| Aquillius ||| The Dependent States ||| Numidia - Jugurtha ||| The War for the Numidian Succession ||| Siege of Cirta ||| Roman Intervention - Treaty between Rome and Numidia ||| Cancelling of the Treaty - Declaration of War - Capitulation of the Romans - Second Peace ||| Dissatisfaction in the Capital ||| Cancelling of the Second Treaty - Metellus Appointed to the Command - Renewal of the War ||| Battle on the Muthul ||| Numidia Occupied by the Romans ||| War in the Desert - Mauretanian Complications ||| Marius Commander-in-Chief ||| Conflicts without Result ||| Negotiations with Bocchus ||| Surrender and Execution of Jugurtha ||| Reorganization of Numidia ||| Political Issues

Vacancy in the Government

The new structure, which Gaius Gracchus had reared, became on his death a ruin. His death indeed, like that of his brother, was primarily a mere act of vengeance; but it was at the same time a very material step towards the restoration of the old constitution, when the person of the monarch was taken away from the monarchy, just as it was on the point of being established.

It was all the more so in the present instance, because after the fall of Gaius and the sweeping and bloody prosecutions of Opimius there existed at the moment absolutely no one, who, either by blood-relationship to the fallen chief of the state or by preeminent ability, might feel himself warranted in even attempting to occupy the vacant place. Gaius had departed from the world childless, and the son whom Tiberius had left behind him died before reaching manhood; the whole popular party, as it was called, was literally without any one who could be named as leader.

The Gracchan constitution resembled a fortress without a commander; the walls and garrison were uninjured, but the general was wanting, and there was no one to take possession of the vacant place save the very government which had been overthrown.

Next Page of this Chapter

Do you see any typos or other mistakes? Please let us know and correct them

The History of Old Rome: Contents ||| The Medieval West | The Making of Europe | Constantinople Home Page

Three Millennia of Greek Literature

Receive updates :

Learned Freeware

Reference address :