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Please note that Mommsen uses the AUC chronology (Ab Urbe Condita), i.e. from the founding of the City of Rome. You can use this reference table to have the B.C. dates

THE HISTORY OF OLD ROME

II. From the Abolition of the Monarchy in Rome to the Union of Italy

From: The History of Rome, by Theodor Mommsen
Translated with the sanction of the author by William Purdie Dickson


The History of Old Rome

CHAPTER VI - Struggle of the Italians against Rome

ELPENOR EDITIONS IN PRINT

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» Contents of this Chapter

Wars between the Sabellians and Tarentines-- Archidamus-- Alexander the Molossian-- ||| Coalition of the Italians against Rome ||| Outbreak of War between Samnium and Rome-- Pacification of Campania ||| Alliance between the Romans and Lucanians - War in Samnium-- The Caudine Pass and the Caudine Peace ||| Victory of the Romans ||| New Fortresses in Apulia and Campania ||| Intervention of the Tarentines ||| Accession of the Etruscans to the Coalition-- Victory at the Vadimonian Lake ||| Last Campaigns in Samnium ||| Peace with Samnium - And with Tarentum ||| Consolidation of the Roman Rule in Central Italy ||| Renewed Outbreak of the Samnite-Etruscan War-- Junction of the Troops of the Coalition in Etruria ||| Battle of Sentinum-- Peace with Etruria ||| Last Struggles of Samnium


Wars between the Sabellians and Tarentines-- Archidamus-- Alexander the Molossian--

While the Romans were fighting on the Liris and Volturnus, other conflicts agitated the south-east of the peninsula. The wealthy merchant-republic of Tarentum, daily exposed to more serious peril from the Lucanian and Messapian bands and justly distrusting its own sword, gained by good words and better coin the help of -condottieri- from the mother-country. The Spartan king, Archidamus, who with a strong band had come to the assistance of his fellow-Dorians, succumbed to the Lucanians on the same day on which Philip conquered at Chaeronea (416); a retribution, in the belief of the pious Greeks, for the share which nineteen years previously he and his people had taken in pillaging the sanctuary of Delphi.

His place was taken by an abler commander, Alexander the Molossian, brother of Olympias the mother of Alexander the Great. In addition to the troops which he had brought along with him he united under his banner the contingents of the Greek cities, especially those of the Tarentines and Metapontines; the Poediculi (around Rubi, now Ruvo), who like the Greeks found themselves in danger from the Sabellian nation; and lastly, even the Lucanian exiles themselves, whose considerable numbers point to the existence of violent internal troubles in that confederacy. Thus he soon found himself superior to the enemy.

Consentia (Cosenza), which seems to have been the federal headquarters of the Sabellians settled in Magna Graecia, fell into his hands. In vain the Samnites came to the help of the Lucanians; Alexander defeated their combined forces near Paestum.

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