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Three Millennia of Greek Literature


Dionysius the Areopagite


from the treatise On the Divine Names, * Sections 9.3-4, translated by C. E. Rolt.
Text in <angle brackets> modified by Elpenor  *
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The Original Greek New Testament
Page 2

And <identity> is attributed to God as a superessentially <eternal and unchangeable quality, resting in itself>, always existing in the same condition, present to all things alike, firmly and inviolably fixed on <its own basis in the fair limits of the super-essential identity>; not subject to change, declension, deterioration or variation, but remaining <unalloyed, immaterial, utterly simple, self-sufficing, incapable of growth or diminution, and without birth>, not in the sense of being as yet unborn or imperfect, nor in the sense of not having received birth from this source or that, nor yet in the sense of utter nonexistence ; but in the sense of being wholly or utterly <birthless and eternal and perfect in itself and always identical>, being self-defined in <its singleness> and <identity>, and causing a similar quality of <identity> to shine forth from <itself> upon all things that are capable of participating therein and yoking different things in harmony together". For <it> is the boundless <richness> and <cause of identity>, and contains beforehand in <itself> all opposites under <all the identity> in that one <single causation> which transcends all identity.

Τὸ δὲ ταὐτὸν ὑπερουσίως ἀΐδιον͵ ἄτρεπτον͵ ἐφ΄ ἑαυτοῦ μένον͵ ἀεὶ κατὰ τὰ αὐτὰ καὶ ὡσαύτως ἔχον͵ πᾶσιν ὡσαύτως παρὸν καὶ αὐτὸ καθ΄ ἑαυτὸ ἐφ΄ ἑαυτοῦ σταθερῶς καὶ ἀχράντως ἐν τοῖς καλλίστοις πέρασι τῆς ὑπερουσίου ταὐτότητος ἱδρυμένον͵ ἀμετάβλητον͵ ἀμετάπτωτον͵ ἀῤῥεπές͵ ἀναλλοίωτον͵ ἀμιγές͵ ἄϋλον͵ ἁπλούστατον͵ ἀπροσδεές͵ ἀναυξές͵ ἀμείωτον͵ ἀγένητον͵ οὐχ ὡς μήπω γενόμενον ἢ ἀτελείωτον ἢ ὑπὸ τοῦδε ἢ τόδε μὴ γενόμενον͵ οὐδ΄ ὡς μηδαμῆ μηδαμῶς ὄν͵ ἀλλ΄ ὡς ὑπὲρ πᾶν ἀγένητον καὶ ἀπολύτως ἀγένητον καὶ ἀεὶ ὂν καὶ αὐτοτελὲς ὂν καὶ ταὐτὸν ὂν καθ΄ ἑαυτὸ καὶ ὑφ΄ ἑαυτοῦ μονοειδῶς καὶ ταὐτοειδῶς ἀφοριζόμενον καὶ τὸ ταὐτὸν ἐξ ἑαυτοῦ πᾶσι τοῖς μετέχειν ἐπιτηδείοις ἐπιλάμπον καὶ τὰ ἕτερα τοῖς ἑτέροις συντάττον͵ περιουσία καὶ αἰτία ταὐτότητος ἐν ἑαυτῷ καὶ τὰ ἐναντία ταὐτῶς προέχον κατὰ τὴν μίαν καὶ ἑνικὴν τῆς ὅλης ταὐτότητος ὑπερέχουσαν αἰτίαν. 

Cf. ANAXIMANDER : The limitless limits ||| ANAXAGORAS : Nous ||| GREGORY OF NYSSA : Everything shares in the Beautiful ||| MAXIMUS CONFESSOR : Nothing is empty of the Holy Spirit ||| GREGORY PALAMAS : Calling everything near Him

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