Pomona was the goddess of
orchards and fruit-trees, who, according to Ovid, cares not for woods or
streams, but loves her gardens and the boughs that bear the thriving fruit.
Pomona, who typifies Autumn, is
represented as a lovely maiden, laden with branches of fruit-trees.
Vertumnus was the god of garden
and field produce. He personifies the change of seasons, and that process of
transformation in nature by means of which the leaf-buds become developed into
blossoms, and the blossoms into fruit.
The change of seasons is
symbolized in a myth which represents Vertumnus as metamorphosing himself into
a variety of different forms in order to gain the affection of Pomona, who so
loved her vocation that she abjured all thoughts of marriage. He first appears
to her as a ploughman, typifying Spring; then as a reaper, to represent Summer;
afterwards as a vine-gatherer, to indicate Autumn; and finally as a gray-haired
old woman, symbolical of the snows of Winter; but it was not until he assumed his
true form, that of a beautiful youth, that he succeeded in his suit.
Vertumnus is generally
represented crowned with wheat-sheaves, and bearing in his hand a cornucopia.