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'In agro dominico' - March 27, 1329
The papal bull condemning Meister Eckhart 

Articles 1-3 : The Creation of the World


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The first article. When someone once asked him why God had not created the world earlier, he answered then, as he does now, that God could not have created the world earlier, because a thing cannot act before it exists, and so as soon as God existed he created the world. 

The second article. Also, it can be granted that the world has existed from eternity. 

The third article. Also, in the one and the same time when God was, when he begot his coeternal Son as God equal to himself in all things, he also created the world. 

* * *

Notes by Ellopos 


Probably, the condemnation of the first three articles tries to protect the faithful from the belief in the co-eternity of the world with God, which would abolish the doctrine of creation of the world out of nothing. 

Eckhart’s thought (in general, but even as summarised in these articles), does not claim an eternity of the world, but of God’s creative energy. Divine energies are uncreated and have the divine nature, so that, as such, they are not defined by time. 

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Full text of the papal bull * Jump to Articles 4-6

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