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Three Millennia of Greek Literature

A History of the Byzantine Empire

 by Al. Vasilief

Translated from the Russian by S. Ragozin, Madison 1928. Notes - Illustration - Study links - HTML editing : by Elpenor © 2007-

"They shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand years. And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison, and shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth ..."  - St. John's Revelation (1st c. A.D.)

      Chapters :  The empire from Constantine the Great to Justinian (324-518) ||| Justinian the Great and his successors (518-610) ||| The Heraclian epoch (610-717) ||| The Iconoclastic epoch (717-867) ||| The Macedonian epoch (867-1081) ||| Byzantium and the Crusades ||| The Empire of Nicaea (1204-1261) ||| From restoration to the fall (1261-1453) ||| Appendix

Text in [square brackets] added by Elpenor

Chapter 8

The fall of Byzantium
General situation in the Empire
The external policy of Michael VIII
The external policy of Byzantium during the reigns of the Andronicoi
John V, John VI Cantacuzene and the apogee of Serbian power
The policies of Byzantium in the fourteenth century
Manuel II (1391-1425) and the Turks
[ More on Manuel II Palaeologus ]
John VIII (1425-1448) and the Turkish menace
Constantine XI (1449-1453) and the capture of Constantinople
Ecclesiastical problems under the Palaeologi
The Hesychast movement
[ Gregory Palamas ]
The conversion to Catholicism of Emperor John V
The Union of Florence
The question of the Council of St. Sophia
Political and social conditions in the Empire
Learning, literature, science, and art
[ Nicholas Cabasilas ||| Gennadius Scholarius ]
Byzantium and the Italian Renaissance

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