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Please note that Mommsen uses the AUC chronology (Ab Urbe Condita), i.e. from the founding of the City of Rome. You can use this reference table to have the B.C. dates


IV. The Revolution

From: The History of Rome, by Theodor Mommsen
Translated with the sanction of the author by William Purdie Dickson

The History of Old Rome

Chapter II - The Reform Movement and Tiberius Gracchus


The Original Greek New Testament

» Contents of this Chapter

The Roman Government before the Period of the Gracchi ||| Spread of Decay ||| Attempts at Reform - Permanent Criminal Commissions - Vote by Ballot - Exclusion of the Senators from the Equestrian Centuries - The Public Elections ||| Optimates and Populares ||| Social Crisis ||| Slavery and Its Consequences ||| Insurrection of the Slaves - The First Sicilian Slave War ||| The Italian Farmers ||| Ideas of Reform - Scipio Aemilianus ||| Tiberius Gracchus ||| Tribunate of Gracchus - His Agrarian Law ||| Further Plans of Gracchus ||| He Solicits Re-election to the Tribunate ||| Death of Gracchus ||| The Domain Question Viewed in Itself ||| The Domain Question before the Burgesses ||| Results

The Roman Government before the Period of the Gracchi

For a whole generation after the battle of Pydna the Roman state enjoyed a profound calm, scarcely varied by a ripple here and there on the surface. Its dominion extended over the three continents; the lustre of the Roman power and the glory of the Roman name were constantly on the increase; all eyes rested on Italy, all talents and all riches flowed thither; it seemed as if a golden age of peaceful prosperity and intellectual enjoyment of life could not but there begin.

The Orientals of this period told each other with astonishment of the mighty republic of the west, "which subdued kingdoms far and near, and whoever heard its name trembled; but it kept good faith with its friends and clients. Such was the glory of the Romans, and yet no one usurped the crown and no one paraded in purple dress; but they obeyed whomsoever from year to year they made their master, and there was among them neither envy nor discord."

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