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Please note that Mommsen uses the AUC chronology (Ab Urbe Condita), i.e. from the founding of the City of Rome. You can use this reference table to have the B.C. dates


II. From the Abolition of the Monarchy in Rome to the Union of Italy

From: The History of Rome, by Theodor Mommsen
Translated with the sanction of the author by William Purdie Dickson

The History of Old Rome

CHAPTER V - Subjugation of the Latins and Campanians by Rome


The Original Greek New Testament

» Contents of this Chapter

The Hegemony of Rome over Latium Shaken and Re-established ||| Original Equality of Rights between Rome and Latium ||| Encroachments on That Equality of Rights - As to Wars and Treaties - As to the Officering of the Army - As to Acquisitions in War ||| Private Rights ||| Extension of Rome and Latium to the East and South ||| At the Expense of the Aequi and Volsci - League with the Hernici ||| Crises within the Romano-Latin League ||| Renewal of the Treaties of Alliance ||| Closing of the Latin Confederation ||| Fixing of the Limits of Latium - Isolation of the Later Latin Cities as Respected Private Rights ||| Prevention of Special Leagues - Revision of the Municipal Constitutions. Police Judges ||| Domination of the Romans; Exasperation of the Latins - Collision between the Romans and the Samnites ||| Conquests of the Samnites in the South of Italy ||| Relations between the Samnites and the Greeks ||| Campanian Hellenism ||| The Samnite Confederacy ||| Submission of Capua to Rome-- Rome and Samnium Come to Terms-- Revolt of the Latins and Campanians against Rome-- Victory of the Romans-- Dissolution of the Latin League-- Colonization of the Land of the Volsci ||| Complete Submission of the Volscian and Campanian Provinces ||| Inaction of the Samnites

The Hegemony of Rome over Latium Shaken and Re-established

The great achievement of the regal period was the establishment of the sovereignty of Rome over Latium under the form of hegemony. It is in the nature of the case evident that the change in the constitution of Rome could not but powerfully affect both the relations of the Roman state towards Latium and the internal organization of the Latin communities themselves; and that it did so, is obvious from tradition.

The fluctuations which the revolution in Rome occasioned in the Romano-Latin confederacy are attested by the legend, unusually vivid and various in its hues, of the victory at the lake Regillus, which the dictator or consul Aulus Postumius (255? 258?) is said to have gained over the Latins with the help of the Dioscuri, and still more definitely by the renewal of the perpetual league between Rome and Latium by Spurius Cassius in his second consulate (261).

These narratives, however, give us no information as to the main matter, the legal relation between the new Roman republic and the Latin confederacy; and what from other sources we learn regarding that relation comes to us without date, and can only be inserted here with an approximation to probability.

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Three Millennia of Greek Literature

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