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ELPENOR - Home of the Greek Word

Learning Greek

    Elpenor's Lessons in Ancient Greek

In Print:
The Original Greek New Testament


by George Valsamis



Page 4

The Ancient Greek Pronunciation (transliterated in English):

Transliteration is not the best way to describe how a word or a letter sounds, but just a hint. Audio files should help you enough.

    Letters followed by / indicate the accentuation, e.g. a/lpha means that the word is stressed on "al". 

    The speaker beside each letter means that you can click on it to listen in Greek.

    Recited especially for Elpenor by Yiannis Marangos (Greek, 15 years old at the time of the recording)

Αα (a/lfa)

Ββ (vi/ta)

Γγ (ga/mma1)

Δδ (de/lta2) 

Εε (e/psilon)

Ζζ (zi/ta)

Ηη (i/ta)

Θθ (thi/ta3)

Ιι (yio/ta)

Κκ (ka/ppa)

Λλ (la/mda4)

Μμ (mi)

Νν (ni) 

Ξξ (xi)

Οο (o/mikron)

Ππ (pi)

Ρρ (ro)

Σσς (si/gma5)

Ττ (taf)

Υυ (y/psilon)

Φφ (fi)

Χχ (hi)

Ψψ (psi)

Ωω (ome/ga6)

Listen to A Word for Each Letter Listen to Greek Phrases * Cf. The Lord's Prayer (Pater Emon), narrated by Elli Lampeti, The word Philotimo, by President B. Obama, The word Peripeteia, by Anthony Hopkins, Modern Greek audio files (from 1 to 30 minutes)


1 g in ga/mma is not pronounced like g in go, but like w in "wide" -> wamma  Two γγ  or a γκ are pronounced sometimes like ng in anger, (with a hardly noticeable n sound: ἀναγκάζω), sometimes they become a stronger n sound and a γ , like in συγγραφεύς. There are more nuances than these, but we won't see them right now.

2 d in de/lta is not pronounced like d in door, but like th in "that" -> thelta

3 th in the/ta is not pronounced like th in that, but like th in "therapy"

4 see 2 above for the d

5 see 1 above for the g

6 see 1 above for the g 

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Cf. The Complete Iliad * The Complete Odyssey
Greek Grammar * Basic New Testament Words * Greek - English Interlinear Iliad
Greek accentuation * Greek pronunciation

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