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Constantinople and the West


Coin of Emperor Constantine XI Palaeologus Dragasis


Icon of the Christ and New Testament Reader

Yeats' Sailing to Byzantium (1927) * Byzantium (1930)

Kappa Sigma Fraternity

Constantinople, Hellenism and the West

The Legacy of New Rome * Constantinople : The Heartbeat of Christianity, by Th. Karakostas 

An Homage to Sir Steven Runciman


From the Middle of the Eleventh Century to the Latin Conquest of Constantinople, by W. Berschin. 


Venetians and Crusaders take Constantinople - Plunder of the Sacred Relics, by E. Pears 

Anna Comnena On the Crusaders * Robert of Clari, Latin Clergy Urge Conquest of Constantinople, The Sacred Relics of Constantinople *  Geoffrey of Villehardouin, The Latins Divide The Spoils * Nicetas Choniates, Destruction of Ancient Art in the Latin Sack of Constantinople * Eustathius of Thessalonica, Norman Atrocities and Devastation in Thessalonika * Nicholas Mesarites, Crusaders Run Wild in Constantinople 

Greek Literature - Ancient, Medieval, Modern

Constantinople Home Page


  By abandoning old Rome and moving to the Greek East, Constantine indicated that the future of the Empire lay in the East. The Byzantine Greeks almost ignored the developments in the Western Church, where the bishop of Rome was the sole patriarch. True, the Eastern Church acknowledged and honored the bishop of the old capital as the first among equals (primus inter pares) in honor, but she did not consider him Pontifex Maximus (chief bishop) or vicar of Christ on earth. ...

   After several confrontations between the Eastern and Western, or Greek and Latin, churches, there came a crisis in the year 1054, which is the traditional date of the great schism. The major problem in the dispute was the Roman claim to primacy in arbitrating all matters of faith, morals, and administration. The Greek East, which knew of no precedent for this claim, had refused to accept it. ...

   The two worlds were further divided as a result of the barbarism of the Crusades and the brutalities they inflicted upon the Greek East. The Crusaders’ "macabre expression of a pagan death-wish," in the words of a modern Western historian, brought the final rupture between Roman Catholicism and Greek Orthodoxy. ...  


From: Constantelos, Greek Orthodoxy - From Apostolic Times to the Present Day

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Constantinople Home Page

Greek Literature - Ancient, Medieval, Modern

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Three Millennia of Greek Literature

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