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Three Millennia of Greek Literature


from the Theology of Plato, * Excerpts from ch. 20 & 21
Translated by
Thomas Taylor  * Greek Fonts  * Proclus Resources


N the next place, let us speak concerning the truth which is in the Gods; for this in addition to what has been said is concluded by Socrates, because a divine nature is without falsehood, and is neither the cause of deception or ignorance to us, or to any other beings.

We must understand therefore, that divine truth is exempt from the truth which consists in words, so far as this truth is composite, and in a certain respect is mingled with its contrary, and because its subsistence consists of things that are not true. For the first parts do not admit of a truth of this kind, unless some one being persuaded by what Socrates asserts in the Cratylus, should say that these also are after another manner true.

θεία ἀλήθεια

Περὶ δὲ τῆς ἐν αὐτοῖς (τοῖς θεοῖς) ἀληθείας μετὰ ταῦτα λέγωμεν· καὶ γὰρ τοῦτο πρὸς τοῖς εἰρημένοις ὁ Σωκράτης συλλελόγισται͵ διότι τὸ θεῖον ἀψευδές͵ καὶ οὔτε ἀπάτης οὔτε ἀγνοίας ἐστὶν ἡμῖν ἢ ἄλλοις τισὶ τῶν ὄντων αἴτιον.

Τῆς μὲν οὖν ἐν λόγοις ὑφεστώσης ἀληθείας τὴν θείαν ἐξῃρημένην νοήσωμεν͵ καθ΄ ὅσον αὕτη πολυσύνθετός ἐστι καὶ τρόπον τινὰ τῷ ἐναντίῳ συμπέφυρται͵ καὶ διότι δὴ τὴν ὑπόστασιν ἐκ μὴ ἀληθῶν ἔσχηκε· τὰ γὰρ μόρια τὰ πρῶτα τῆς τοιαύτης ἀληθείας ἄδεκτα͵ εἰ μή τις ἄλλον καὶ ταῦτα τρόπον ἀληθεύειν λέγοι τῷ ἐν Κρατύλῳ Σωκράτει πειθόμενος.

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