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4 Posts

Posted - 31 Oct 2008 :  21:55:47  

Forgive the beginners question, but what does the Greek letters that come after Greek words in lexicons and other sources indicate? e.g. ἀδελφή -ῆς, ἡ

What does -ῆς, ἡ indicate?




615 Posts

Posted - 01 Nov 2008 :  01:45:20  


Hi Alan, It seems that you've never had lessons systematically. It is usual, in dictionaries or in classroom, to explain a noun by giving the main (nominative) case, the genitive case, and the gender. In your example, ἀδελφή, is the nominative case ("the sister"); -ῆς, is the ending of the genitive case (ἀδελφῆς = "of the sister", etc.); and finally the feminine article "ἡ" shows that the noun is feminine.

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