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ESTHER / ΕΣΘΗΡ

9

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1 For in the twelfth month, on the thirteenth day of the month which is Adar, the letters written by the king arrived. 2 In that day the adversaries of the Jews perished: for no one resisted, through fear of them. 3 For the chiefs of the satraps, and the princes and the royal scribes, honoured the Jews; for the fear of Mardochaeus lay upon them. 4 For the order of the king was in force, that he should be celebrated in all the kingdom. 5 6 And in the city Susa the Jews slew five hundred men: 7 both Pharsannes, and Delphon and Phasga, 8 and Pharadatha, and Barea, and Sarbaca, 9 and Marmasima, and Ruphaeus, and Arsaeus, and Zabuthaeus, 10 the ten sons of Aman the son of Amadathes the Bugaean, the enemy of the Jews, and they plundered [their property] on the same day: 11 and the number of them that perished in Susa was rendered to the king. 12 And the king said to Esther, The Jews have slain five hundred men in the city Susa; and how, thinkest thou, have they used them in the rest of the country? What then dost thou yet ask, that it may be [done] for thee? 13 And Esther said to the king, let it be granted to the Jews so to treat them tomorrow as to hand the ten sons of Aman. 14 And he permitted it to be so done; and he gave up to the Jews of the city the bodies of the sons of Aman to hang. 15 And the Jews assembled in Susa on the fourteenth [day] of Adar, and slew three hundred men, but plundered no property. 16 And the rest of the Jews who were in the kingdom assembled, and helped one another, and obtained rest from their enemies: for they destroyed fifteen thousand of them on the thirteenth [day] of Adar, but took no spoil. 17 And they rested on the fourteenth of the same month, and kept it as a day of rest with joy and gladness. 18 And the Jews in the city Susa assembled also on the fourteenth [day] and rested; and they kept also the fifteenth with joy and gladness. 19 On this account then [it is that] the Jews dispersed in every foreign land keep the fourteenth of Adar [as] a holy day with joy, sending portions each to his neighbour. 20 And Mardochaeus wrote these things in a book, and sent them to the Jews, as many as were in the kingdom of Artaxerxes, both them that were near and them that were afar off, 21 to establish these [as] joyful days, and to keep the fourteenth and fifteenth of Adar; 22 for on these days the Jews obtained rest from their enemies; and [as to] the month, which was Adar, in which a change was made for tem, from mourning to joy, and from sorrow to a good day, to spend the whole of it [in] good days of feasting and gladness, sending portions to their friends, and to the poor. 23 And the Jews consented [to this] accordingly as Mardochaeus wrote to them, 24 [shewing] how Aman the son of Amadathes the Macedonian fought against them, how he made a decree and cast lots to destroy them utterly; 25 also how he went in to the king, telling [him] to hang Mardochaeus: but all the calamities he tried to bring upon the Jews came upon himself, and he was hanged, and his children. 26 Therefore these days were called Phrurae, because of the lots; (for in their language they are called Phrurae;) because of the words of this letter, and [because of] all they suffered on this account, and all that happened to them. 27 And [Mardochaeus] established it, and the Jews took upon themselves, and upon their seed, and upon those that were joined to them [to observe it], neither would they on any account behave differently: but these days [were to be] a memorial kept in every generation, and city, and family, and province. 28 And these days of the Phrurae, [said they,] shall be kept for ever, and their memorial shall not fail in any generation. 29 And queen Esther, the daughter of Aminadab, and Mardochaeus the Jew, wrote all that they had done, and the confirmation of the letter of Phrurae. 30 31 And Mardochaeus and Esther the queen appointed [a fast] for themselves privately, even at that time also having formed their plan against their own health. 32 And Esther established it by a command for ever, and it was written for a memorial. Εν γὰρ τῷ δωδεκάτῳ μηνί, τῇ τρισκαιδεκάτη τοῦ μηνός, ὅς ἐστιν ᾿Αδάρ, παρῆν τὰ γράμματα τὰ γραφέντα ὑπὸ τοῦ βασιλέως. 2 ἐν αὐτῇ τῇ ἡμέρᾳ ἀπώλοντο οἱ ἀντικείμενοι τοῖς ᾿Ιουδαίοις· οὐδεὶς γὰρ ἀντέστη, φοβούμενος αὐτούς. 3 οἱ γὰρ ἄρχοντες τῶν σατραπῶν καὶ οἱ τύραννοι καὶ οἱ βασιλικοὶ γραμματεῖς ἐτίμων τοὺς ᾿Ιουδαίους· ὁ γὰρ φόβος Μαρδοχαίου ἐνέκειτο αὐτοῖς. 4 προσέπεσε γὰρ τὸ πρόσταγμα τοῦ βασιλέως ὀνομασθῆναι ἐν πάσῃ τῇ βασιλείᾳ καὶ ἐμεγαλύνετο. 5 καὶ ἐπάταξαν οἱ ᾿Ιουδαῖοι πληγὴν ἐν πᾶσι τοῖς ἐχθροῖς αὐτῶν πληγὴν μαχαίρας καὶ ἀναιρέσεως καὶ ἀπωλείας καὶ ἐποίησαν ἐν τοῖς μισοῦσιν αὐτοὺς κατὰ τὸ θέλημα αὐτῶν. 6 καὶ ἐν Σούσοις τῇ πόλει ἀπέκτειναν οἱ ᾿Ιουδαῖοι ἄνδρας πεντακοσίους, 7 τόν τε Φαρσαννὲς καὶ Δελφὼν καὶ Φασγὰ 8 καὶ Φαραδαθὰ καὶ Βαρέα καὶ Σαρβακὰ 9 καὶ Μαρμασιμὰ καὶ Ρουφαῖον καὶ ᾿Αρσαῖον καὶ Ζαβουθαῖον, 10 τοὺς δέκα υἱοὺς ᾿Αμὰν ᾿Αμαδάθου Βουγαίου τοῦ ἐχθροῦ τῶν ᾿Ιουδαίων, καὶ διήρπασαν. 11 ἐν αὐτῇ τῇ ἡμέρᾳ ἐπεδόθη ὁ ἀριθμὸς τῷ βασιλεῖ τῶν ἀπολωλότων ἐν Σούσοις. 12 εἶπε δὲ ὁ βασιλεὺς πρὸς ᾿Εσθήρ· ἀπώλεσαν οἱ ᾿Ιουδαῖοι ἐν Σούσοις τῇ πόλει ἄνδρας πεντακοσίους· ἐν δὲ τῇ περιχώρῳ πῶς οἴει ἐχρήσαντο; τί οὖν ἀξιοῖς ἔτι, καὶ ἔσται σοι; 13 καὶ εἶπεν ᾿Εσθὴρ τῷ βασιλεῖ· δοθήτω τοῖς ᾿Ιουδαίοις χρῆσθαι ὡσαύτως τὴν αὔριον, ὥστε τοὺς δέκα υἱοὺς ᾿Αμὰν κρεμάσαι. 14 καὶ ἐπέτρεψεν οὕτως γενέσθαι καὶ ἐξέθηκε τοῖς ᾿Ιουδαίοις τῆς πόλεως τὰ σώματα τῶν υἱῶν ᾿Αμὰν κρεμάσαι. 15 καὶ συνήχθησαν οἱ ᾿Ιουδαῖοι ἐν Σούσοις τῇ τεσσαρεσκαιδεκάτῃ τοῦ ᾿Αδὰρ καὶ ἀπέκτειναν ἄνδρας τριακοσίους καὶ οὐδὲν διήρπασαν. 16 οἱ δὲ λοιποὶ τῶν ᾿Ιουδαίων οἱ ἐν τῇ βασιλείᾳ συνήχθησαν καὶ ἑαυτοῖς ἐβοήθουν καὶ ἀνεπαύσαντο ἀπὸ τῶν πολεμίων· ἀπώλεσαν γὰρ αὐτῶν μυρίους πεντακισχιλίους τῇ τρισκαιδεκάτῃ τοῦ ᾿Αδὰρ καὶ οὐδὲν διήρπασαν. 17 καὶ ἀνεπαύσαντο τῇ τεσσαρεσκαιδεκάτῃ τοῦ αὐτοῦ μηνὸς καὶ ἦγον αὐτὴν ἡμέραν ἀναπαύσεως μετὰ χαρᾶς καὶ εὐφροσύνης. 18 οἱ δὲ ᾿Ιουδαῖοι ἐν Σούσοις τῇ πόλει συνήχθησαν καὶ τῇ τεσσαρεσκαιδεκάτῃ καὶ ἀνεπαύσαντο· ἦγον δὲ καὶ τὴν πεντεκαιδεκάτην μετὰ χαρᾶς καὶ εὐφροσύνης. 19 διὰ τοῦτο οὖν οἱ ᾿Ιουδαῖοι οἱ διεσπαρμένοι ἐν πάσῃ χώρᾳ τῇ ἔξω ἄγουσι τὴν τεσσαρεσκαιδεκάτην τοῦ ᾿Αδὰρ ἡμέραν ἀγαθὴν μετ᾿ εὐφροσύνης ἀποστέλλοντες μερίδας ἕκαστος τῷ πλησίον. 20 ῎Εγραψε δὲ Μαρδοχαῖος τοὺς λόγους τούτους εἰς βιβλίον καὶ ἐξαπέστειλε τοῖς ᾿Ιουδαίοις, ὅσοι ἦσαν ἐν τῇ ᾿Αρταξέρξου βασιλεία, τοῖς ἐγγὺς καὶ τοῖς μακράν, 21 στῆσαι τὰς ἡμέρας ταύτας ἀγαθὰς ἄγειν τε τὴν τεσσαρεσκαιδεκάτην καὶ τὴν πεντεκαιδεκάτην τοῦ ᾿Αδὰρ —22 ἐν γὰρ ταύταις ταῖς ἡμέραις ἀνεπαύσαντο οἱ ᾿Ιουδαῖοι ἀπὸ τῶν ἐχθρῶν αὐτῶν— καὶ τὸν μῆνα, ἐν ᾧ ἐστράφη αὐτοῖς (ὃς ἦν ᾿Αδὰρ) ἀπὸ πένθους εἰς χαρὰν καὶ ἀπὸ ὀδύνης εἰς ἀγαθὴν ἡμέραν, ἄγειν ὅλον ἀγαθὰς ἡμέρας γάμων καὶ εὐφροσύνης, ἐξαποστέλλοντας μερίδας τοῖς φίλοις καὶ τοῖς πτωχοῖς. 23 καὶ προσεδέξαντο οἱ ᾿Ιουδαῖοι, καθὼς ἔγραψεν αὐτοῖς ὁ Μαρδοχαῖος, 24 πῶς ᾿Αμὰν ᾿Αμαδάθου, ὁ Μακεδών, ἐπολέμει αὐτούς, καθὼς ἔθετο ψήφισμα καὶ κλῆρον ἀφανίσαι αὐτούς, 25 καὶ ὡς εἰσῆλθε πρὸς τὸν βασιλέα λέγων κρεμάσαι τὸν Μαρδοχαῖον· ὅσα δὲ ἐπεχείρησεν ἐπάξαι ἐπὶ τοὺς ᾿Ιουδαίους κακά, ἐπ᾿ αὐτὸν ἐγένοντο, καὶ ἐκρεμάσθη αὐτός, καὶ τὰ τέκνα αὐτοῦ. 26 διὰ τοῦτο ἐπεκλήθησαν αἱ ἡμέραι αὗται Φρουραὶ διὰ τοὺς κλήρους, ὅτι τῇ διαλέκτῳ αὐτῶν καλοῦνται Φρουραί, διὰ τοὺς λόγους τῆς ἐπιστολῆς ταύτης καὶ ὅσα πεπόνθασι διὰ ταῦτα καὶ ὅσα αὐτοῖς ἐγένετο, 27 καὶ ἔστησε· καὶ προσεδέχοντο οἱ ᾿Ιουδαῖοι ἐφ᾿ ἑαυτοῖς καὶ ἐπὶ τῷ σπέρματι αὐτῶν καὶ ἐπὶ τοῖς προστεθειμένοις ἐπ᾿ αὐτῶν, οὐδὲ μὴν ἄλλων χρήσονται. αἱ δὲ ἡμέραι αὗται μνημόσυνον ἐπιτελούμενον κατὰ γενεὰν καὶ γενεὰν καὶ πόλιν καὶ πατριὰν καὶ χώραν. 28 αἱ δὲ ἡμέραι αὗται τῶν Φρουραὶ ἀχθήσονται εἰς τὸν ἅπαντα χρόνον, καὶ τὸ μνημόσυνον αὐτῶν οὐ μὴ ἐκλίπῃ ἐκ τῶν γενεῶν. 29 καὶ ἔγραψεν ᾿Εσθὴρ ἡ βασίλισσα θυγάτηρ ᾿Αμιναδὰβ καὶ Μαρδοχαῖος ὁ ᾿Ιουδαῖος ὅσα ἐποίησαν τό τε στερέωμα τῆς ἐπιστολῆς τῶν Φρουραί. 30 καὶ Μαρδοχαῖος καὶ ᾿Εσθὴρ ἡ βασίλισσα ἔστησαν ἑαυτοῖς καθ᾿ ἑαυτῶν, καὶ τότε στήσαντες κατὰ τῆς ὑγείας ἑαυτῶν καὶ τὴν βουλὴν αὐτῶν. 31 καὶ ᾿Εσθὴρ λόγῳ ἔστησεν εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα, καὶ ἐγράφη εἰς μνημόσυνον.

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