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ELPENOR - Home of the Greek Word

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Books - Selected by Elpenor

Coin of Emperor Constantine XI Palaeologus Dragasis 

Constantinople does not win so much with multitudes and arms, as with her virtue and word

Manuel II Palaeologus


Icon of the Christ and New Testament Reader

  @ Hermes : Ellopos' Byzantine Bookstore

Arnold Toynbee, The Greeks and their Heritages

Baynes-Moss (eds), Byzantium, An Introduction to East Roman Civilization

John Julius Norwich, A Short History of Byzantium

TTC Audiobooks - World of Byzantium, Lectures by Kenneth W. Harl

Charles Diehl, Histoire de l’Empire Byzantin

Steven Runciman, La Caida de Constantinopla

Donald Nicol, The Immortal Emperor: The Life and Legend of Constantine Palaiologos, Last Emperor of the Romans

Chris Woodhouse, Modern Greece. A short history [from the foundation of Constantinople until 1990]

C. A. Trypanis. Medieval and Modern Greek Poetry: An Anthology

Robert Browning, Medieval and Modern Greek 

Cf. eMule downloads of primary and secondary sources on Byzantium | Migne Patrologia Graeca

Greek Literature - Ancient, Medieval, Modern

Constantinople Home Page 


  By abandoning old Rome and moving to the Greek East, Constantine indicated that the future of the Empire lay in the East. The Byzantine Greeks almost ignored the developments in the Western Church, where the bishop of Rome was the sole patriarch. True, the Eastern Church acknowledged and honored the bishop of the old capital as the first among equals (primus inter pares) in honor, but she did not consider him Pontifex Maximus (chief bishop) or vicar of Christ on earth. ...

   After several confrontations between the Eastern and Western, or Greek and Latin, churches, there came a crisis in the year 1054, which is the traditional date of the great schism. The major problem in the dispute was the Roman claim to primacy in arbitrating all matters of faith, morals, and administration. The Greek East, which knew of no precedent for this claim, had refused to accept it. ...

   The two worlds were further divided as a result of the barbarism of the Crusades and the brutalities they inflicted upon the Greek East. The Crusaders’ "macabre expression of a pagan death-wish," in the words of a modern Western historian, brought the final rupture between Roman Catholicism and Greek Orthodoxy. ...  

From: Constantelos, Greek Orthodoxy - From Apostolic Times to the Present Day

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Three Millennia of Greek Literature

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