A History of Greek Philosophy / ARISTOTLE
An unruly pupil—The philosopher’s library—The predominance of Aristotle—Relation to Plato—The highest philosophy—Ideas and things—The true realismRealisation and reminiscence—The crux of philosophy—Reason in education—The chief good—Origin of communitiesGod and necessity—The vital principle—Soul as realisation—Function and capacity—His method
Plato before his death bequeathed his Academy to his nephew Speusippus, who continued its president for eight years; and on his death the office passed to Xenocrates, who held it for twenty-five years. From him it passed in succession to Polemo, Crates, Crantor, and others. Plato was thus the founder of a school or sect of teachers who busied themselves with commenting, expanding, modifying here and there the doctrines of the master. Little of their works beyond the names has been preserved, and indeed we can hardly regret the loss. These men no doubt did much to popularise the thoughts of their master, and in this way largely influenced the later development of philosophy; but they had nothing substantial to add, and so the stern pruning-hook of time has cut them off from remembrance.
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