Our illustration shows
Dionysus (Bacchus), god of wine, with a wine-jar on his
shoulder and what is meant for a vine-branch above him.
Behind him walk three female figures, who are the
personified Seasons. Last comes a group consisting of
two Muses and a four-horse chariot bearing Zeus, the
chief of the gods, and Hera, his wife.
The principle of
isocephaly is observed on the vase as in a frieze of
relief-sculpture (page 145). The figures are almost all
drawn in profile, though the body is often shown more
nearly from the front, e.g., in the case of the Seasons,
and the eyes are always drawn as in front view. Out of
the great multitude of figures on the vase there are
only four in which the artist has shown the full face.
Two of these are intentionally ugly Gorgons on the
handles; the two others come within the limits of our
specimen illustration. If Dionysus here appears almost
like a caricature, that is only because the decorator is
so little accustomed to drawing the face in front view.
There are other interesting analogies between the
designs on the vase and contemporary reliefs. For
example, the bodies, when not disguised by garments,
show an unnatural smallness at the waist, the feet of
walking figures are planted flat on the ground, and
there are cases in which the body and neck are so
twisted that the face is turned in exactly the opposite
direction to the feet. On the whole, Clitias shows
rather more skill than a contemporary sculptor, probably
because of the two arts that of the vase- painter had
been the longer cultivated.