These are the essential features of an Athenian house.
If the establishment is a very pretentious one, there may be a small
garden in the rear carefully hedged against intruders by a lofty wall.
More probably the small size of the house lot would force
simplifications in the scheme already stated. In a house one degree less
costly, the Gynæconitis would be reduced to a mere series of rooms shut
off in the rear. In more simple houses still there would be no interior
section of the house at all. The women of the family would be provided
for by a staircase rising from the main hall to a second story, and here
a number of upper chambers would give the needful seclusion.
Of course as one goes down the social scale, the houses grow simpler and
simpler. Small shops are set into the street wall at either side of the
entrance door, and on entering one finds himself in a very limited and
utterly dingy court with a few dirty compartments opening thence, which
it would be absurd to dignify by the name of "rooms." Again one ceases
to wonder that the male Athenians are not "home folk" and are glad to
leave their houses to the less fortunate women!