from Timaeus, * 28a-29b, 29d-30c, translated by B. Jowett
Greek Fonts / Plato Complete works / Plato Concept
|OW everything that becomes or is created must of necessity be created by some cause, for without a cause nothing can be created. The work of the creator, whenever he looks to the unchangeable and fashions the form and nature of his work after an unchangeable pattern, must necessarily be made fair and perfect; but when he looks to the created only, and uses a created pattern, it is not fair or perfect. Was the heaven then or the world, whether called by this or by any other more appropriate name-assuming the name, I am asking a question which has to be asked at the beginning of an enquiry about anything-was the world, I say, always in existence and without beginning? or created, and had it a beginning? Created, I reply, being visible and tangible and having a body, and therefore sensible; and all sensible things are apprehended by opinion and sense and are in a process of creation and created.||
πᾶν δὲ αὖ τὸ γιγνόμενον ὑπ΄ αἰτίου τινὸς ἐξ ἀνάγκης γίγνεσθαι· παντὶ γὰρ ἀδύνατον χωρὶς αἰτίου γένεσιν σχεῖν. ὅτου μὲν οὖν ἂν ὁ δημιουργὸς πρὸς τὸ κατὰ ταὐτὰ ἔχον βλέπων ἀεί͵ τοιούτῳ τινὶ προσχρώμενος παραδείγματι͵ τὴν ἰδέαν καὶ δύναμιν αὐτοῦ ἀπεργάζηται͵ καλὸν ἐξ ἀνάγκης οὕτως ἀποτελεῖσθαι πᾶν· οὗ δ΄ ἂν εἰς γεγονός͵ γεννητῷ παραδείγματι προσχρώμενος͵ οὐ καλόν. ὁ δὴ πᾶς οὐρανὸς ἢ κόσμος ἢ καὶ ἄλλο ὅτι ποτὲ ὀνομαζόμενος μάλιστ΄ ἂν δέχοιτο͵ τοῦθ΄ ἡμῖν ὠνομάσθω - σκεπτέον δ΄ οὖν περὶ αὐτοῦ πρῶτον͵ ὅπερ ὑπόκειται περὶ παντὸς ἐν ἀρχῇ δεῖν σκοπεῖν͵ πότερον ἦν ἀεί͵ γενέσεως ἀρχὴν ἔχων οὐδεμίαν͵ ἢ γέγονεν͵ ἀπ΄ ἀρχῆς τινος ἀρξάμενος. γέγονεν· ὁρατὸς γὰρ ἁπτός τέ ἐστιν καὶ σῶμα ἔχων͵ πάντα δὲ τὰ τοιαῦτα αἰσθητά͵ τὰ δ΄ αἰσθητά͵ δόξῃ περιληπτὰ μετ΄ αἰσθήσεως͵ γιγνόμενα καὶ γεννητὰ ἐφάνη.
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